The history of any country is just a bundle of important events which have significantly influenced its development. And only Israel has a special history, that of the Old and New Covenants.
Jordan is a small country, but it has such a great number of curious spots that everyone could find something to his/her taste. Most well-known Biblical sites are just on the territory of today`s Jordan, such as Mount Nebo, from which the Moses has first seen the Land of Promise, Vifania, where the Christ has been first baptized on the bank of Jordan River, Sodom and Gomorrah and the Lot`s Cave, where he took refuge with his daughters.
This Mediterranean country has so long a history that it was mentioned even in the Bible. Many cities of Lebanon were prosperous in ancient times, with Byblos being the oldest city in the world.
Syria is one of the most important countries of the Middle East. There are many historical monuments of different periods, such as ruins of ancient Palmira and Krak Des Chevaliers (Castle of the Knights), as well as historical sites of Damask, for example Omayad Mosque.
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