About city: York

If you don’t want to confine yourself to London during your travel to Great Britain, but would rather see some other cities, or even plan a journey to Scotland, then York may be your first stop. The city may be interesting for all those who like «good old England», with its atmosphere of Gothic and knighthood.

Only two and a half hours from London, if you go by train, and you are in a small provincial town, which gave its name to the other American town New York.

Probably, as regards to the atmosphere of Gothic or knighthood spirit, York is inferior to Edinburg, but it is closer to London, and it has its own fascinating traits. There almost com-pletely survived the city wall, which defended the city in the Middle Ages. York Minster is one the biggest Gothic cathedrals and not only in England, but in the entire North Europe. And promenades on the old streets in the neighbourhood of Shambles can charge you with most positive energy.

So, it is very convenient to go to York by train. The city is on the main way from London to Scotland, so trains run there every hour. Railway station is in the center of the city. You'll have to go no more than 5 minutes to the walls. The walls of York almost completely encircle the Old Town.

York is the only city in England where the walls were completely preserved, though you shouldn’t expect them to be something strong or impressive. Surely, there are several gates and bastions, which could quite defend the city in the Middle Ages (most fortifications survived from XII-XIV centuries). But in most cases the height of walls is about 3-4 meters. It is difficult to imagine that these walls could defend York during the cruel War of Red and White Roses.

However, you should go along the walls, all the more so you can do it for free, even though they are far from the main sights, and you can see mainly gardens and today houses from the wall. In the east of the city there located Clifford Castle (so it marked on the map), but it would be rightly to say that it is only a tower (or a small tower-like castle).

In spite of its small sizes, for example, comparing to Edinburg Castle, Clifford Tower has its historical value as it was founded as far back as 1068 by William the Conqueror. The first con-struction didn’t survive as it was of wood. Later, the Tower was restored in stone.

However, the main sight of York, for the sake of which you should go there, is grandiose York Cathedral also known as York Minster. It had been built for 250 from 1240 to 1452. The cathedral has huge stained glass windows, in fact, the largest ones in Europe. If you wish to see the Old Town from above, you may climb the tallest tower of the cathedral.

For several centuries the cathedral was in the immediate vicinity of marketplace, as well as the Shambles where there were located the trading rows of butchers. Today Shambles is the most picturesque street in the old York built with lop-sided half-timbered houses. They overhang the passage as living witnesses of old times, however, today they sell there not meat but souvenirs.

As to York's museums, which are worth visiting, first of all, you should go to the National Railway Museum. The residents proudly claim it to be the biggest museum in the world. And indeed, its collection of steam locomotives is just impressive. The entrance is free. Also York has a curious Jorvic Vikings Center and York Museum.

If you are going to continue your travel in Scotland, train takes it 2.5 hours to get to Edin-burg. And it makes sense for you to stop at the city of Durhem, where you can see Durhem Metropolitan Cathedral and nearby Durhem Castle. They were the first sites on the territory of Great Britain to be included in UNESCO Heritage List. Both of them are located on top of a hill above Wear River, on Durham's peninsula. The castle as well the cathedral was built like a defensive citadel.

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