About city: Bremen

In Middle Ages Bremen was one of the most important members of the Hanseatic League. At one time the League included more than 200 cities, however, after 17th century only three cities still belonged to the Hansa – Lubeck, Hamburg and Bremen.

Bremen was laid down by emperor Charles (Charlemagne) the Great in 787. As Hamburg was often attacked by the Danes, the Bishop of Hamburg moved its residence to Bremen al-ready 50 years after its foundation and made it the center of Christianity in Northern Europe. At the time of the Holy Roman Empire when the lands from the north of Germany to the central regions of Italy were under the power of French and German emperors, Bremen was sometimes called «Northern Rome».

Old Market Square or Marktplatz is the center and main sight of Bremen. Someone even called it one of the most beautiful squares in Europe, and you must admit the statement is somewhat justified.

The statue of Roland is in the middle of the square. It is 5 meter tall. The statue was carved of stone in 1404 by Celleher and Olde for only 170 Bremen's marks, but since that time it became the symbol of the city. The motto on his shield reads as follows: «I show you the freedom Charlemagne and his princes really granted to this city». It was the symbol of civil and trade rights, which then only imperial cities were granted with.

Old Town Hall is the main building in the square. It consists of two buildings. The older Gothic building dates from 1405-1410. Old Town Hall was extended at the beginning of 20th century. On the left side of the Old Town Hall the Statue of Town Musicians of Bremen from the well-known fairy-tale of the Brothers Grimm has been installed.

On the right side of the Old Town Hall you can see the massive building of St. Peter Cathe-dral (Dom Sankt Petri), the main church of Bremen. It is believed that the first church was laid down on the site by Charlemagne as far back as 789 (two years after the town itself was founded). However, today's cathedral was constructed in 1042.

Opposite the Old Town Hall the building of Bremen's trade guilds is located that dates back to 16th century. Near it you can see the building of Bremen's Parliament that is sharply contrasted with the rest of the square. It was constructed of glass and concrete in 1966.

The well-known Boettcherstrasse (street) goes from Marktplatz towards the river. The street is very short, only 100 meters long, but its 16-century buildings house museums (including Ro-selius-Haus), and Paula Modersohn-Becker Gallery, as well as cozy cafés.

At the end of your tour of Bremen you should go to Schnoorviertel, a small street of the Old Town. Before this was the street of craftsmen and sailors, and today it is one of the most pictu-resque corners of the city. Many buildings survived from 15-16 centuries. At places the street is only one meter wide, and the buildings are just tiny. You can see something similar only in Eng-lish York or Belgium Bruges. Tourists can sit at one of the comfortable restaurants, buy some hand-made souvenir, or just have a deliberate stroll and feel the atmosphere of medieval city.

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