Passing by the Gate of Old Town, you at once feel a peculiar spirit of narrow stone-paved streets. The Old Town, which survived to nowadays, was built by Emperor Hadrian in 132. It fully preserved the layout of ancient Roman military camp
The Dome of the Rock is considered the most beautiful mosque. Also it is the most impor-tant architectural monument of Arabic world, with its golden dome being the most recognizable landmark of Jerusalem
The Temple Mount, also known as Mount Moriah, or more exactly, the events, which took place on the site, are mentioned on the first pages of the Bible
The underground church where the Virgin Mary was buried is located in the immediate vicinity of the Gethsemane Grotto and overby the Garden of Gethsemane
At the foot of the western slope of the Mount of Olives in the court of the Church of All Nations the Garden of Gethsemane is located, one of the main sacred places of Christianity. In the time of Jesus olive trees grew all over the slope of the mountain (hence its name), but until nowadays only eight trees survived, the same trees under which shade Judas betrayed his teacher, as it is described in the gospels
Kidron Valley is considered to be one of the most mystic places of Jerusalem. According to the eschatological doctrines of the Christians, the Jews and the Muslim, during the Second Coming of Christ it is just there that the Last Judgment will take place, where the God will judge all people
In the 7th century, in the period of Byzantine Empire there was built a big temple at the site of the Ascension of Jesus. However, it was completely destroyed in the Arab period
Dominus Flevit is Latin for the Church of the Tears of Christ. The church is located on the slope of the Mount of Olives, facing the Old Town of Jerusalem and the Valley of Kidron
The Church of Mary Magdalene on the western slope of the Mount of Olives together with the Church of All Nations, which is located a bit lower, presents one of the most remarkable views of Jerusalem, especially if you look at it from the Temple Mount
Several churches (Church of All Nations, Church of Mary Magdalene, Church of the Tears of Christ) are on the slopes of the three-headed Olive Mount, the Valley of Kidron – at its foot, and Temple Mount and Old Town – opposite it. And Olive Mount itself is the site where many of the events described in the Old and New Testaments took place
Along with the Wailing Wall, Zion Mount is the most important place for the Jew from all over the world. This is a peculiar symbol of Judaism, and a political movement, which aim is to revive Israel, was given the name of Zionism
Via Dolorosa or the Way of Grief is the path by which Jesus Christ approached the Calvary, the place of his Crucifixion. The way was the sacred place since the first centuries of the Christianity. Via Dolorosa is starting at the Antonia fortress, where the Roman Praetoruim was located, residence of Roman procurators, and ending at the Calvary. Today all Christians can have a tour over the path where Jesus Christ walked carrying his cross, with stops at each of 14 stations, where the events described in the Bible took happened
Most tourists enter the Old Town of Jerusalem through the Damascus Gate. It is just there that the bus station is located where you can come from any point in Israel. Having passed the wall gate you get in the special atmosphere of an ancient town you can`t find in any other place in the world
The low grey building of Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arab for «farthest mosque») is at the edge of the Temple Mount, aside from the magnificent Dome of the Rock, seemingly dimmed against its background. However, it is just Al-Aqsa that is the third important Muslim sanctuary
There have been two artificial ponds at this point since 6 B.C. It was enough to build a simple dam across the bed of the Beit Zeita for creation of an artificial pool of 40х50 m near the First Temple of Solomon. Beside it there was the Sheep Gate through which sacrificial animals were brought to the Temple, and before the offering they were washed in the Pool of Bethesda. From the pool water was also delivered to the Temple by a special canal
The Old Town of Jerusalem is divided in 4 quarters: Arab, Christian, Armenian and Jewish. Jewish Quarter is in the southern section of the Old Town near Mount Zion. There have always lived the most well-to-do people, and the quarter was called the Upper Town
After the end of the six day war of 1967 Jerusalem has come under the control of the Israeli, who started large-scale archaeological excavations at the Jewish Quarter making it possible to see how Cardo Street looked like – the main street of the Old Jerusalem
The place is considered as one of the most sacred for three world religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It is identified with Mount Moriah, where very important events took place described in the Bible and the Koran
Since the time of early Christianity they built churches at the site in the Garden of Gethsemane, but today church was built by an Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi in the period of 1919-1924. Catholics of many countries of the world donated to the construction of this church, so it was called the Church of All Nations
At the Jaffa Gate of the Old Town one can see an impressive citadel, which is one of the most interesting monuments of medieval Jerusalem. A citadel was built at this place as far back as 2 B.C., but considering numerous destructions of Jerusalem, it was always ruined being one of the main town fortifications. Consequently it was restored by the new rulers of Jerusalem
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