Peter the Great decided to build a summer house (future Constantine Palace) near the new northern capital in 1710. Peter I wanted it to be the «Russian Versailles».
In 1703 Peter I laid down the city on the Neva River, and almost at once the capital was moved to the building city
When in St. Petersburg you must go to Peterhof, as it is just this palace that can give you some idea of magnificence of Russian imperial residences
Catherine Palace was 325 meters long. On one side, near the Resurrection Church (which is part of the palace), it abuts on Tsarkoselskiy lycée where gifted children studied including the famous Russian poet Pushkin. It was just after him that Tsarskoye Selo was renamed Pushkin in the Soviet period.
First of all the visitors of Petersburg are attracted by the imperial palaces in Peterhof, Tsarskoye Selo and Pavlovsk, however, you shouldn’t forget about the palaces of rich noblemen. The most interesting of them is the Yusupov`s Palace on the river Moika
The palace built by Catherine II for her son Paul, the heir to the throne, isn’t as impressive as the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo or Peterhof, but the surrounding park make the Pavlovsk Palace one of the most interesting sights in the suburb of St. Petersburg
Marble Palace was built on the Palace Embankment of the Neva River near the Trinity Bridge in 1768-1785. This was the gift of Catherine II to her favorite Gregory Orlov for his help in the palace revolution, which had brought her to the power. Apart from the Marble Palace, Catherine also gave him the summer residence – Gatchina Palace
Tauride Palace was built by Gregory Potemkin in the middle of the 18th century, in the reign of Catherine II. Potemkin was the favorite and then husband of Catherine II. After the victory over the Turks and annexation of Crimea he was granted the title of the Prince of Tauride
In 1797 emperor Paul I wanted to build a new ce-remonial castle-like residence. He was the Master of Malthusian Order and loved castles built in the style of medieval fortresses. So was the Gatchina Palace, and so would be the Engineer Castle
Stroganov`s Palace is considered to be one of the most beautiful palaces belonging to wealthy noble families. The palace is located at the heart of the historic Petersburg at the intersection of the Nevsky Avenue and the river Moika
Smolny Monastery was built near the meander of the Ne-va, at the place of its confluence with the Okhta (the Nienschanz fortress was located there). In the seventeenth century the place was far rather from the city, and the empress Elizabeth wanted to retire there at the evening of her life with 120 nuns who were the daughters of the nobility.