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Despite the difficult times that the Russian Orthodox Church went through in the early 20th century, many Orthodox monasteries remained in Russia. Some of them are Russian Shrines, where people go for pilgrimage. In other monasteries, although monastic life was restored, they remained more museums associated with Russian history.
The most important monasteries in Russia were called Lavra. In total, there are two Lavras in Russia that officially bear this title, and there are theological seminaries in them. The Trinity-Sergiev Lavra is the main in Russia. It is located in Sergiev Posad (Moscow region). The second, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, is located in Saint Petersburg.
According to tradition, the Pskov-Pechersk monastery near Pskov is also called the Pskov-Pechersk Lavra and many pilgrims also come here. In different parts of Russia, there are several other monasteries where pilgrims go every year to worship Holy places: Diveyevsky Holy Trinity monastery (Nizhny Novgorod region), Optina Pustin (Kaluga region), Trinity monastery in Murom, where the relics of Saints Peter and Fevronia are stored.
Russian Russian monasteries are located in the Russian North, in Karelia. This is the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky monastery on Solovetsky island in the White sea, and Valaam monastery on Valaam island on lake Ladoga.
Outside of Russia, there are two important pilgrimage centers where many Orthodox people go: the Kiev Pechersk Lavra, the oldest monastery in Kievan Rus, and the new Athos Monastery in Abkhazia.
Many monasteries in Russia, located in the cities of the Golden Ring, as well as other Northern regions are very interesting to visit. For example, in the village of Ferapontovo, there is a Ferapontov monastery, listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, thanks to the frescoes of Dionysius. Except Ferapontov monastery there are two others monasteries are included to the list of UNESCO: Trinity-Sergiev Lavra and Novodevichy monastery (both in Moscow region).
There are some other monasteries in Russia, which can be interesting from a historical and cultural point of view: the Ipatiev monastery in Kostroma, the Kirillo-Belozersky monastery in the Vologda region, the Novodevichy monastery in Moscow, the new Jerusalem and Savvo-Storozhevsky monasteries in the Moscow region, and monasteries in the cities of the Golden Ring.