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Great Russian writers

In the 19th and 20th centuries, many famous writers appeared in Russia, some of whom received international recognition. The works of Fyodor Dostoevsky, Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov have been translated into dozens of foreign languages. Alexander Pushkin and Mikhail Lermontov are called the poets of the Golden Age of Russian Literature.

In this review on the Geomerid portal, you can read about the estates or museums of the great Russian writers: 

  • Pushkin Alexander
  • Lermontov Mikhail 
  • Tolstoy Lev
  • Dostoevsky Fyodor
  • Chekhov Anton 
  • Griboyedov Alexander
  • Yesenin Sergey
  • Turgenev Ivan

 

Pushkin Alexander

A wonderful place, Pushkin Hills (Pushkinskiye Gory), is 120 kilometers to the south of Pskov. One way or another everything is related to the life of a great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin there. Apart from the estates of noble families, you can also admire beautiful nature of central Russia.

The Pushkin museum reserve includes the estates Mikhaylovskoye, Trigorskoye and Petrovskoye, the Svyatogorsky Monastery, the village Bugrovo, the gorodisches Savkina Gorka and Voronich, as well as a large scientific and cultural center at the urban settlement Pushkinskiye Gory.

Lermontov Mikhail 

Tarkhany estate is located 110 kilometers west of the city of Penza. This is the estate of Elizabeth Arsenieva, grandmother of Mikhail Lermontov. Here he spent his childhood and youth. Now Tarkhany is a Museum complex dedicated to the life and work of the Great Russian poet.

The Lermontov Museum in Tarkhany was established in 1939. Since 1971, on the first weekend of July, the all-Russian Lermontov holiday has been held here every year. Usually many artists take part in it. July 27 is the poet`s memorial day, and October 15 is Lermontov`s birthday.

Tolstoy Lev

Yasnaya Polyana estate is located 200 km to the south of Moscow. It was just there that a great Russian writer Lev Tolstoy wrote his books, which gained worldwide acceptance. He was also buried in a very modest grave here.

The life of the writer was well-arranged in Yasnaya Polyana, and it was preserved almost intact until nowadays. The three main buildings of Yasnaya Polyana are the Tolstoy House Museum, the Volkonsky House, and the Kuzminsky House.
We should also mention about the grave of Lev Tolstoy, as well as the events preceding his death. By the end of his life Tolstoy became quite disappointed in his «useless life» and thought it absolutely wrong. He renunciated the authority of the Church and harshly criticized the church doctrines and suggested his own rules. As a result, he was cursed in 1901.

ery modest grave is planted with green grass and when you stand near it you begin to perceive the value of the simplicity that the great writer aspired to. 

Dostoevsky Fyodor

The Dostoevsky Museum in St. Petersburg is located on the corner of Kuznechny Pereulok and Yamskaya Street. It was opened in 1971 and is the largest museum dedicated to the life of the great Russian writer Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky. Nearby, in front of the Vladimir Cathedral, there is a monument to the writer.

In Petersburg Dostoevsky always lived in rented apartments and tenement buildings. Most often he rented corner apartments with a view on a church. The apartment #5 in the building #10 on Kuznechny Alley, with windows facing the above mentioned Cathedral of St. Vladimir, was rented by him for a short period of time in 1846. Then he again rented it October 1878. That time Dostoevsky lived there for 3 years, to his death on January 28, 1881.

Chekhov Anton 

The Melikhovo estate, located 60 kilometers to the south from Moscow, is one of the most famous museums devoted to Chekhov. The estate has a wooden house, where the family of the write lived, as well as a big park with numerous buildings.

A famous writer and playwright Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born at Taganrog in 1860. He spent his childhood and youth at this town. And then he traveled over the country very much, as well as made long journeys to Sakhalin. In 1890 he returned to Moscow and settled down in the house in Malaya Dmitrovka. However, he didn’t like urban life very much, so he bought the Melikhovo estate in the near Moscow in 1892.

Griboyedov Alexander

The Khmelita memorial estate is 30 kilometers to the north from Vyazma. Since 1680 it was the family estate of the Griboyedovs, including a famous Russian diplomat and playwright Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov, the author of the play «The Mischief of Being Clever».

The total area of the Khmelita memorial museum is over 20 hectares. A big manorial house built in the style of Elizabethan baroque is in the village of the same name. Most of the Petersburg palaces designed by a famous architect F. Rastrelli look the same way.

Yesenin Sergey

The village Konstantinovo is on the high bank of the river Oka 43 kilometers of Ryazan. It is worth coming there to admire the picturesque Russian nature and village everyday life, and visit the literary museum of Yesenin, one of the Russian poets, who praised the beauty of Russian nature in his poems.

Sergey Yesenin was born in Konstantinovo on October 3, 1895. Eventually, he became one of the most famous poets of the Silver age. His poems were mainly devoted to Russia, and not to the state Russia, but to the «Rus`», which patriot he was and which he loved very much. A museum devoted to the works of Sergey Yesenin was created in Konstantinovo in 1965. 

Turgenev Ivan

The estate of the great Russian writer Turgenev Spasskoye-Lutovinovo is located near the city of Mtsensk in the Oryol region. This is his ancestral estate, which he owned until his death. Turgenev lived abroad for many years, but often came here.

The village where the estate was built was called Spasskoye, and it was built by Ivan Turgenev`s maternal grandfather, Ivan Lutovinov. After his death, the estate passed to Varvara Lutovinova, who in 1816 married the officer Sergei Turgenev. On October 28, 1818, their son Ivan was born – the future Great Russian writer Ivan Turgenev.