Tarragona attractions

Tarragona is one of the largest ports in Spain on the Mediterranean sea, but it is of exceptional interest for tourism. The port is located at a distance and does not prevent tourists from enjoying the beautiful beaches and seeing the sights included in the UNESCO cultural heritage lists.

The settlement on this site was founded in the 5th century BC by the Iberians, who inhabited the Peninsula in ancient times. There was a very convenient Harbor, above which is a high hill, convenient for creating a fortified city.

The history of Roman rule over these lands began in 218 AD, when a detachment of Gaius Cornelius Scipio landed here during the Second Punic war with Carthage. At this time, the troops of the Carthaginian General Hannibal were in Italy, and Scipio tried to cut them off from their supply bases. A fortified military camp was established on the hill. At first it was the main base of Roman troops in Spain, and then became the largest Roman city on the Iberian Peninsula. The city was named Tarraco.

First, the Romans built Fortress Walls, some of which have survived to this day, then began large-scale work on the construction of not only residential buildings, but also the Imperial zone. Julius Caesar granted Tarraco the status of capital of the province of Near Spain. Under the Emperor Octavian Augustus, the importance of Tarraco increased so much that for 2 years, in the period from 26 to 25 BC, It became the Imperial residence, from where Octavian Augustus ruled the Empire. In those years, only a small Roman military camp was located on the site of Barcelona.

Many historical monuments have been preserved in Tarragona since the Roman Empire. A Roman Amphitheater is located near the beach at the foot of the hill. It was built in the 2nd century BC. It also preserves the Roman-era Fortress walls, the oldest on the Iberian Peninsula. You should definitely visit the Roman Circus, where chariot races were held. In the National archaeological Museum you can see a very interesting collection of finds from the Roman period, as well as the early Middle Ages.

On top of the hill, on the territory of the former Roman Forum, the one of the largest Catholic Tarragona Cathedral in Spain was built in the Middle ages. It was founded in 1171. The residential development of the old city, which is now called Part Alta, was formed around it. It has preserved many houses of the middle ages. Its narrow, winding streets are lined with a Medieval route.

In addition to its historical heritage, Tarragona is a magnificent resort of the Spanish Costa Dorada. There are sandy beaches in and around the city. Tarragona has a very convenient road and rail connection to Barcelona and the surrounding resort towns.

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Fortress wall built near the Roman circus of Tarragona in the Middle ages
The Pretoria tower rises above The Roman Circus, during the reign of the Visigoths, it was a Royal Palace
Map of the Roman city of Tarraco during its heyday in the 3rd-4th centuries AD. the Length of its Fortress walls reached 3.5 km.
Roman city of Tarraco in the 2nd century AD, painting in the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona
Stairs from the Roman tower of Pretoria leading to the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona
The Roman amphitheatre in Tarragona was built in the 2nd century AD under the Emperor Domitian
The Cathedral of Tarragona was founded in 1171 and built in the Romanesque architectural style
Ruins of the Roman circus of Tarragona, where horse chariot competitions were held
Roman fortress wall of the 2nd century AD in Tarragona based on megalithic blocks without binding solution
View from the Mediterranean Balcony of the sandy beach of Tarragona at the foot of the Roman fortress walls
The building of the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona, built near the Roman tower of Pretoria in 1960
Roman mosaic panel with Medusa Gorgon - one of the most famous exhibits of the Archaeological Museum of Tarragona
Large mosaic panels from Roman houses in the National Museum of Tarragona
Foundation of St. Mary`s Church (12th century) built in a Roman amphitheater on the site of the burning of Christian martyrs
This is what the 12th-century Church of Saint Mary looked like in the Roman amphitheatre of Tarragona, built on the site of the burning of Bishop Fructuose
Huge entrance portal and rose window (11 meters in diameter) at the Cathedral of Tarragona
The strict interiors of the main nave of the Tarragona Cathedral are made in the Romanesque style
Fresco how the Roman Circus of Tarragona looked like during the chariot race
A 6-meter-high corridor used by spectators to enter the stands of the Roman circus (2nd century AD) in Tarragona
An Archaeological route runs along the Northern Roman fortress wall of Tarragona
Plaza de La Font - the main square in the old town of Tarragona Part Alta in front of the City Hall
The square of Santiago de Rusiñol in the Old town of Tarragona Part Alta and the stairs leading to the Cathedral
The winding narrow streets of the Old town of Tarragona Part Alta
View of the sea and the houses of the Old town of Tarragona Part Alta from the Pretoria Tower
The city hall of Tarragona was built in the Old town in 1851 in the neoclassical style
Art Nouveau houses on the New Rambla Boulevard in Tarragona
Mediterranean Balcony - observation deck in Tarragona, where ends the New Rambla Boulevard