Trier is located on the border of Germany and Luxembourg. Now it is a small tourist town, where you can see many attractions included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list. However, this was not always the case. During the Roman Empire, Trier was the largest city in Europe North of the Alps.

Trier is the oldest city in Germany. It was founded in 15 BC during the reign of Emperor Octavian Augustus. With the development of the city, all the attributes of a major Roman city appeared here: palaces, temples, baths, and an amphitheater. Under the Emperor Constantine, it was even called "Northern Rome", and there were buildings corresponding to the capital of the Roman Empire.

In a small area of the old city, you can see several buildings of the Roman era, which have great historical and cultural value: the Basilica of Constantine, the Imperial baths, the Baths of Barbara, the Porta Nigra, the Roman bridge.

The Basilica of Constantine was built in 310. In those years, it was the throne hall of the Emperor. Unfortunately, the original Basilica has not been preserved to this day, since part of its walls were integrated into the Elector`s Palace, but in 1844 it was restored in all its grandeur and beauty of huge geometric proportions.

The city was surrounded by a strong fortress wall with several gates. The Porta Nigra (Black Gate) was the largest of them, and they have preserved to this day in excellent conditions. Now they are the largest and best preserved ancient Roman gates in the world. Only ruins of the Roman thermal complexes have been preserved, but they are also impressive in their scale.

Trier Cathedral is the oldest Church in Germany. It was founded by the Emperor Constantine in 320. A huge temple complex consisting of two churches has survived to this day: The Trier Cathedral, which was completed in the Romanesque style in 1196, and the Gothic Church of the Liebenfrauenkirche, which was built in the period 1230-1260.

Of great interest is the Rhineland Regional Museum, which is considered one of the largest archaeological museums in Germany. Next to the Porta of Nigra is located the City Museum, where you can get acquainted with the history of the city from the Middle Ages to the present day. You should definitely take a walk around the old town in the Market square area.

Photo Gallery
View All (29)
Beautiful architectural ensemble of medieval houses on the Market square in Trier
The inner side of the Roman gate of the Porta Nigra on the side of the old city of Trier
Trier Cathedral was founded in 320 by the Roman Emperor Constantine. It is the oldest Church in Germany
The Gothic Church of the Liebfrauenkirche was built in 1230 in Trier. It is one of the most beautiful Gothic churches in Germany
The Basilica of Constantine was built in Trier in 310 AD, when Trier was the largest city in Europe North of the Alps
Archaeological Park on the site of the Imperial baths of Constantine in Trier
Layout of Trier in the era of Ancient Rome in the Rheinland regional Museum of Trier
Palace of the Elector of Trier near the Basilica of Constantine
Several houses on the Market square of Trier are built in the 13th century half timbered style
White Steipe building with a Czech-style roof, which is used for city Council celebrations
The outer side of the Porta Nigra roman gate in Trier
The arch at the Porta Nigra, where people entered to Trier
The altar side of The Trier Cathedral, built in the Romanesque style
Central nave of Trier Cathedral
The Liebfrauenkirche Church and Trier Cathedral are located close to each other and are connected by a passageway
The Liebfrauenkirche Church has a tetraconch structure. The altar of the Church is located in the center under the main dome
The length of the Basilica of Constantine is 67 m, width-27 m, height-33 m. The Basilica has only one nave
The Basilica of Constantine was built into the Elector`s Palace in the 17th century
Two-storey pavilion of the Imperial baths in Trier, which is located above the ground
Labyrinths of corridors between the underground rooms of the Roman Imperial baths in Trier
The southern wing of the Palace of the Elector of Trier was built in the Rococo style in the 18th century by the architect Johann Seitz
In the 18th century there appeared a regular garden in front of the Elector`s Palace
A Roman granite column was installed in the Market square of Trier in the early middle ages. In 958 Archbishop Henry I installed a Christian cross on it
In the 17th century, a clock tower was built over the Church of St. Gandolph, which is clearly visible from the Market Square
The height of the tower of the Church of St. Gandolph in Trier reaches 62 meters
The city Museum of Trier is located in the building of the Church of Simeon of Trier (12th century), which was attached to the Roman gate of the Porta Nigra
The original Cross of 958, which was installed on a Roman column in the Market square of Trier
Building of the Rhenish regional Museum in Trier
Roman bas-relief (220 AD) showing a ship loaded with barrels of wine in the Rhenish Museum of Trier