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Chor-Bakr necropolis in Bukhara photo

At the architectural complex Chor-Bakr, which is also called the «City of the Dead», it is easier to feel the atmosphere of the old Bukhara, its oriental color and authenticity. It is there that the shooting of most films about Central Asia took place.

Chor-Bakr has got the name of the «City of the Dead», as, actually, it is a large necropolis, where there were buried a great number of religious figures and statesmen of the Middle Ages. There you can see alleys and family mortuary courts (hazira), where the members of the family were buried. On both sides of the alleys you can see the entrance portals of mortuary mosques and iwans.

In Uzbek Chor-Bakr means «Four Brothers» as the complex was developed around the burials of four sheikhs, who belonged to Djuybarsk syyids from the Naqshbandi Sufi order.

Naqshbandi Sufi order was founded by Baha-ud-Din Naqshband. His necropolis is considered to be one of the most sacred Muslim pilgrimage places in Central Asia. It is at the village Qasr-i Arifan, in the eastern suburb of Bukhara. Eventually, the Naqshbandi Sufi order acquired a great importance among the Muslims of the entire world, adhering to Sunnism.

The building of the Chor-Bakr was begun in 16 century, after the death of the khodja Abu Bakr Said. For 20 years he occupied important state positions and was the teacher of the ruler of Bukhara, Abdulla Khan II. It is believed that Abu Bakr Said was a descendant of a righteous caliph, follower of the Prophet Muhammad and the founder of the family of Djuybarsk syyids.

Around the burial place of the khodja Abu Bakr Said there were built a mosque, хоnаqоhi and a madrasah. On the square in front of the buildings there was built a minaret to give the importance to the complex. Later, at the complex was buried the imam Abu Bakr Ahmed and the other Djuybarsk sheikhs.

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Mosque and madrasah are the main buildings in the Chor-Bakr necropolis, which is often called the «city of dead»
Small minaret in front of the mosque of Chor-Bakr
Pool (hauz) where the main alley of the «city of dead» of Chor-Bakr starts, running among the family dahmas
Tombs of the four hodjas of Djuybarsk syyids (descendants of the prophet), who held important public positions in the Bukhara state
Tombs of the four hodjas of Djuybarsk syyids (descendants of the prophet), who held important public positions in the Bukhara state
Small funeral minaret near the burials of Djuybarsk syyids (descendants of the prophet) at the Chor-Bakr necropolis
Tombs of the four hodjas of Djuybarsk syyids who were believed to be the descendants of the prophet
Dome of the mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis is inlaid with bright majolica
Mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis in Bukhara
Remains of the original majolica, which covered khaziras – family funeral courts at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Entrance to one one of the funeral mosques at the Chor-Bakr complex of Bukhara
Numerous burials at the Chor-Bakr, which is often called the «city of dead»
Entrance to one of the khaziras – family funeral court at the Chor-Bakr
One of the funeral mosques at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
At the Chor-Bakr necropolis one can see pheasants walking among the burials
Burials in the khaziras – family funeral courts at the Chor-Bakr
Entrance to a funeral mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Paths between the burials at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Paths between the burials at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Paths between the burials at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
People going home after a prayer at the mosque of the Chor-Bakr in Bukhara
People going home after a prayer at the mosque of the Chor-Bakr in Bukhara
Mosque, madrasah and khanaka (dervish lodge) are the main buildings at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Portals of khaziras, family funeral courts at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Main entrance to the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara
Portal of the mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis
Portal of the mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis
Portal of the madrasah at the Chor-Bakr necropolis
Minaret attaches importance to the main buildings of the Chor-Bakr necropolis – mosque, madrasah and khanaka
Passage to one of the khaziras – family funeral court
One of the old burials near the mosque at the Chor-Bakr necropolis of Bukhara