Lenin Museum in Ulyanovsk

The Lenin Museum in Ulyanovsk is the largest memorial in Russia dedicated to the biography of Soviet leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, as well as the events of the October Revolution of 1917. This museum began to be created in 1923 during Lenin`s lifetime and is now the main attraction of Ulyanovsk. 

The Lenin Museum is located in the center of the city, where Vladimir Ulyanov was born, and his childhood passed here. Several houses are associated with Lenin`s name in Ulyanovsk. Later, the authorities decided to preserve the whole quarter of the old Simbirsk of the late 19th century. In 1970, a huge Lenin memorial was opened next to these houses, which includes the Lenin Museum, as well as expositions dedicated to the October Revolution and Soviet power. 

The Lenin Museum, which is called "The House where Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) was born" is located in the wing of the house of Simbirsk landowner A.Pribylovskaya. The Ulyanov family settled there in September 1869, when Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov was transferred from Nizhny Novgorod to Simbirsk. A year later, on April 22, 1870, a boy was born in this house at the Ulyanov family, who was named Vladimir. The exposition of the Lenin Museum in this house was opened only in the 1970s.  

For the next few years, the Ulyanov family rented different apartments in Simbirsk. Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov at that time took the position of director of public schools of the Simbirsk province. New children were born in the Ulyanov family and the apartments became cramped, besides Ilya Nikolaevich needed an workroom. 

In 1878, Ilya Nikolaevich acquired ownership of a small two-story house where the Ulyanov family lived until their departure to Kazan in 1887. This house became the very first Lenin Museum in Russia, created in 1923, during the lifetime of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The museum was created by his brothers and sisters. 

In total, 8 children were born in the Ulyanov family, two of whom died in infancy. Vladimir Ulyanov was the third child in the family. In their own house, in 1878, only Maria was born. The rest of the children were born earlier in rented apartments.  

In 1886, at the age of 55, Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov died due to a brain hemorrhage. A year later, in May 1887, Alexander, Ulyanov`s second son, was executed for his participation in the revolutionary organization “Peoples will” and for preparing the assassination of the tsar. This had a huge impact on the formation of the consciousness of Vladimir, who loved his brother very much.