Novosibirsk – only a century ago a railway station at the point where the Trans-Siberian Railway crossed the Ob river – is now the biggest city in Siberia and the third biggest city in Russia, as well as one of the largest industrial and scientific centers of the country.

The city of Novosibirsk, which was at first called Novo-Nikolayevsk, was founded in 1893, when a railway bridge over the Ob was built near the village Krivoshchyokovo, and the railway station «Ob» appeared on the right bank of the river. The park «Gorodskoye Nachalo» (the beginning of the city) is now in that place; the main exhibit of the park is the original span of the bridge, which was built at the turn of the century.

The construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway connecting Moscow and Vladivostok was the most important infrastructure project in Russia. It can even be called one the global projects comparable to the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal. 

This predetermined the development of the cities located along the Trans-Siberian Railway. All the main «stations» of the railway quickly surpassed the Siberian cities located along the Siberian high road – earlier, the main road of Siberia. So, Tyumen became much bigger than Tobolsk. At the same time, Tobolsk, founded by Peter I as far back as 1587, was officially declared the «capital of Siberia», and Catherine II sent her gilt throne to this city, which until then were only two in Russia – in Moscow and in St. Petersburg.

However, about 20 years after its foundation, Novosibirsk surpassed in size not only Tobolsk but also Tomsk, which was 260 kilometers to the north (earlier, it was a district town of Tomsk province). 

Eventually, Novosibirsk became even more important than Krasnoyarsk and was rightly considered a new capital of Siberia. In 1962, only 70 years after its foundation, the population of the city reached one million people and Novosibirsk became the youngest million-plus city in the world.

Unfortunately, the young age of the city didn’t allow it to create its cultural and architectural heritage, as the active stone building began in the city in the 30th of the 20 century. The main architectural sights of Novosibirsk date back to the constructivism period of the Stalin epoch. 

The small St. Nicholas chapel located in the Krasny (red) avenue is considered a landmark of Novosibirsk, but the main sight of the city is, undoubtedly, Novosibirsk Opera and Ballet Theatre. It occupies the biggest theatre building in Russia, which also has, at least, as big artistic value.

The main museums of Novosibirsk – those of art and local history – are on Krasny avenue. Nearby is the first stone church of the city – Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. It will also be very interesting to visit Novosibirsk Zoo, which is the biggest in Russia, and is considered one of the best zoos in the country.

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Opera and Ballet Theatre on Red Avenue in Novosibirsk
St. Nicholas chapel is a landmark of Novosibirsk
The height of the Lenin monument on Red Avenue is 6.5 m
A fountain on Red Avenue in the vicinity of Pervomayskiy public garden 
Novosibirsk theatre building is the largest one in Russia
Flowerbed «Novonikolayevsk» in Pervomayskiy public garden
Park City beginning - the place where the city was founded Novonikolaevsk, which then became Novosibirsk
The original span of the railway bridge around which Novosibirsk began to develop
The house with a clock on Red Avenue is one of the best examples of constructivism in Novosibirsk
100-apartments house on Red Avenue - a residential building built in the 30s
The government building of the Novosibirsk region was built in the style of constructivism in 1932
Monument to the cities of Siberia on Red Avenue
The bridge across the Ob river at Novo-Nikolaevsk on the photo 1898
Wooden buildings of Zakamenskiy district of Novo-Nikolaevsk n photos of the early 20th century
Buildings at the intersection of Red Avenue and October Highway in Novosibirsk
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral – the first stone Church in the city near the station.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in pictures from the early 20th century
Wooden houses on Communist street
The house of a merchant Runin with a big mezzanine on Chaplygin street 
The bay window of the Buzolin`s house decorated by wood carving
The building of the Art Museum, former Sibrevkom, on Red Avenue in Novosibirsk
Nicholas Roerich`s painting Nanda Devi, 1943, in the Art Museum of Novosibirsk
The building of Roerich Museum on Communist street
«Victory» by N. Roerich, 1942
Entrance to the Novosibirsk zoo
Polar bears at the Novosibirsk zoo
Ascension Cathedral is the main temple of Novosibirsk