Back

Monuments on Borodino field photo

There are more than 200 monuments in different places of Borodino field. The monuments are dedicated to various regiments or divisions that repelled the attacks of Napoleon`s army on these places on August 26, 1812 during the battle of Borodino.

The first monument on Borodino field was erected by the widow of General Tuchkov in 1818. It was a temple-tomb of the Saviour Image of Edessa, it came to Bagration fleches, which were defended by the Revel regiment. Her husband was the commander of this regiment and died in battle. She tried to find his body, but found only his ring. Over time, the Spaso-Borodinsky monastery was created here.

In 1839, on the Mound height, where the Raevsky Battery was located, by order of Emperor Nicholas I, a column was installed – the main monument on the Borodino field. The author of the project of the cast-iron column was the architect A. Adamini. The opening of the monument was held by Emperor Nicholas I in front of a line of 150 thousand troops in the presence of 200 veterans of the Borodino battle. At the same time, the ashes of General Bagration were reburied near the column.

The mass appearance of monuments in different parts of Borodino field was associated with the celebration of the centenary of the Patriotic war in 1912. The celebration was nationwide, and preparations were led personally by the Emperor Nicholas II. He suggested that the military units that took part in this battle should erect monuments to their ancestors. In 1912, 34 monuments were erected. The largest monument was erected near the Spaso-Borodino monastery: "Grateful Russia to its Defenders". After that, the number of monuments on Borodino field began to grow rapidly and now there are more than 200 of them.

In addition to Bagration, General Dmitry Neverovsky is buried on Borodino field. He commanded the 27th infantry division. Together with his division, he heroically defended Bagration fleches, where at the beginning of the battle there were the most bloody combat actions. Having received a concussion, he still personally led his soldiers in attacks. After the battle of Borodino, Neverovsky was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General. He was mortally wounded in 1813 at the Battle of Leipzig. He was buried in Halle (Germany). In 1912, his ashes were solemnly reburied on Bagration fleches, in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II

In 1912, by special order of the Emperor Nicholas II, a monument to the French was allowed to be erected on the Shevardino redoubt. During the battle of Borodino, here was the headquarters of Napoleon. The monument was made by architect Boeswillwald. The sign on monument: Aux Morts de la Grand Armee (To the Dead of the Great Army). It is dedicated to the French soldiers who died during the battle of Borodino.