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Museum-panorama Battle of Borodino in Moscow photo

The museum-panorama «Battle of Borodino» is on the Poklonnaya Gora. It is on the site of the hut of a peasant Frolov where the military council at Fili was held. At the council Kutuzov took a decision to leave Moscow in September 1812. There on Poklonnaya Gora Napoleon also waited for a delegation of the nobles with the keys to Moscow no one had ever brought him.

The main exhibit of the museum is a circular panorama of the Battle of Borodino of 1812 depicting one of the attacks of the French cavalry against the positions of the Russian army. The height of the panorama is 15 meters, with the length of 115 meters. A circular building was constructed for it so that you could walk along the canvas and see all the details of the battle. 

The monumental canvas was created by a painter Franz Roubaud who was born in Odessa in the family of French traders. He is the founder of Russian panoramic battle painting, although he worked in Munich. Roubaud painted such battle canvases «Storm of Achulgo» and «Siege of Sevastopol», and in 1910, to the centenary of the victory in the war of 1812, he got an order for the largest work dedicated to the Battle of Borodino.

At first, the canvas was on display in a wooden pavilion at Chistye Prudy but then the building decayed, and the canvas was stored in a roll for a long time. The canvas was partially damaged but in 1962, to the 150th anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War, it was restored and a new building was built for it on Kutuzovsky Avenue.

Apart from the panoramic canvas, there is also an interesting museum dedicated to the war of 1812. You should go to a small wooden hut, which is behind the big museum building. It was on this place that the hut of a peasant Frolov once stood where the military council at Fili was held. After the Battle of Borodino, Kutuzov led the Russian army to Moscow, however, in this hut it was decided not to defend the capital, but to leave it in order to save the army. 

After a short stay in Moscow, Napoleon was forced to retreat from the city, and then this retreat turned into an escape. From the French army of 500 thousand soldiers, which entered the territory of Russia, only 20 thousand soldiers could cross back the Berezina river.

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The Borodino panorama Museum was built in Moscow in 1962, on the 150th anniversary of the war of 1812
The main exhibit of the Museum is a circular panorama of the battle of Borodino in 1812 (the height of the picture is 15 meters, the length is 115 meters)
Francois Roubaud`s painting in the Borodino Panorama depicts an attack by French cavalry on the positions of the Russian army
On the painting of Francois Roubaud in the Borodino Panorama Russian troops repel the attack of the French cavalry
One of the episodes of the battle of the Russians and the French on the painting of Francois Roubaud in the Borodino panorama in Moscow
Burning village of Borodino during the battle of the Russians and the French in the Borodino Panorama in Moscow
Burning village of Borodino during the battle of the Russians and the French in the Borodino Panorama in Moscow
Painting of Averyanov The Battle for Smolensk, 1995, at the Borodino Panorama Museum in Moscow
The painting of A. Averyanov The Battle for the Shevardinsky redoubt, 2011, at the Borodino Panorama Museum in Moscow
Painting by A. Kivshenko the Military Council in Fili, 1880, in the Museum of the Borodino Panorama in Moscow
Bulletins of the Grand Army of France in the conquered territories of Russia and the Borodino panorama Museum in Moscow
Napoleon in burning Moscow exhibition at the Borodino Panorama Museum
Painting by A. Averyanov - Maloyaroslavets. October 12, 1812 - 2011, the Museum of the Borodino Panorama in Moscow
Painting by P. Hess Crossing the French army over the Berezina, 1840, Borodino Panorama Museum in Moscow
Painting by A. Northen - Return of Napoleon from a campaign in Russia, 1830 in the Borodino Panorama Museum
Portraits of heroes of the Patriotic war of 1812 in the Borodino panorama Museum in Moscow
Military uniform of 1812 in the Borodino panorama Museum in Moscow
Russian soldiers at a halt in the Borodino Panorama Museum in Moscow