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Ramesseum temple in Luxor photo

In ancient Egypt the Ramesseum was one of the greatest mortuary temples, but, unfortunately, only few of its fragments survived until nowadays. The temple was surrounded by residential quarters, palaces for Pharaoh and the nobility, where they used to stop when visiting the Ramesseum.

About the size of the temple one can judge by two huge statues of Pharaoh Ramesses II the Great, of which only some fragments remained. One of the statues, made of black syenite, was the Pharaoh sitting on the throne of 17 meters high. Of it now only the giant head remained, placed near the temple`s entrance, as well as fingers and feet, lying in front of the first pylon. The other statue was a bit smaller, and its fragment (upper part of the body) is near the columns of Osiris at the first pylon.

The temple had a lot of the statues of Pharaoh in the position of Osiris, with his arms crossed, some of which survived until today. On the wall there were many bas reliefs depicting various scenes of the life of Ramesses II: receiving gifts from foreign kings, fighting on the chariot with enemies, in the circle of gods.

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Second pylon of the Ramesseum temple with assyrian sculptures
Head of Ramesses II at the second pylon. Formerly, it was a siting pharaoh figure of black granite at the entrance to the temple.
At the first pylon one can see one of the largest pharaoh statues in Egypt. It was the statue of the pharaoh Ramesses II.
Broken statue of the pharaoh Rames II in Ramesseum temple in Luxor
Hands of the giant statue of the pharaoh Ramses II in Ramesseum in Luxor
Feet of the giant statue of the pharaoh Ramesses II
Bas-reliefs on the first pylon of the Ramesseum temple
Entrance to the Ramesseum temple was set off with slabs of black granite
There remained the original paint on the column capitals in the hypostyle hall
Remains of the Ramesseum temple
Side passage of the hypostyle hall in the Ramesseum temple
A canal was dug from the Nile to the first pylon so that pharaoh could come to the Ramesseum temple in the boat
Remains of the Ramesses II palace at the first pylon where the pharaoh lived when he visited the Ramesseum temple
Remains of the wall of the Ramesseum, which separated the temple from the Nile canal
Hypostyle Hall at the Ramesseum temple
Surviving head of the seated black granite statue of Ramses II. The statue reached the height of 17 feet, and weighed 1000 tons
Bas-relief of Ramesses II in a chariot fighting the enemies
Bas-reliefs showing the scenes from the everyday life of pharaons
Niche in the sanctuary of the Ramesseum temple. Egyptians believe that it gives the state of peace and grace.
Stone slabs the Ramesseum temple was built of
Columns of the Hypostyle Hall
Bas-reliefs showing the scenes from the everyday life of pharaons in Ramesseum temple in Luxor
Bas-relief showing the ritual boat carrying the pharaoh to the other world
Bas-relief with a pharaoh receiving gifts from the other kings
There remained paint on the column capitals in the hypostyle hall
Columns of the hypostyle hall and the side porch of the Ramesseum temple
One of the walls in front of the Ramesseum temple near the water canal
Black granite bas-relief at entrance to the hypostyle hall
Dog sculpture near the remains of the old town
Remains of the ancient city coming close to the Ramesseum temple