Saint James Park is the oldest royal park in London. In the east the park borders on Whitehall Street and in the west it borders on St. James`s Palace and Buckingham Palace. Its area is only 23 hectares, but it is always full of tourists.
In the 13th century, there was a hospital for lepers named after St. James in this swampy area. King Henry VIII bought these lands and turned them into hunting grounds. He also ordered to build St. James` Palace in the north of the park. It is the oldest palace in London.
Under King Charles II, the park was modelled as a French garden and opened for visitors. A canal was dug along the whole park, but later it was converted into a landscape lake. Over time the park itself became a landscape one and a great number of trees were planted there. Also, there are a lot of squirrels and various birds, both water birds and simply rare birds, at St. James`s Park.