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Museum Island in Berlin photo

The Berlin museum complex in may be considered one of the most important world cultural center. It was laid down as far back as in 1810, when William III wanted to open for the public the royal art collections. During 1822-1830 a magnificent building of the Altes (Old) Museum was erected. Its facade was decorated by the impressive portico with 18 Ionic columns of black color – their beauty is very severe.

Later the crown prince Frederick William ordered to build some other museums in the island to the north of the Unter den Linden. So appeared the name of the Museum Island. Between 1843 and 1855 the Neue (new) Museum was built, and then the National Gallery and the Bode Museum, and in 1930 the Pergamon Museum was finished. The buildings of all museums are in the immediate vicinity of one another, so you can consider them as a single complex.

During the last war the Museum Island was much ruined but the museum collections were thoughtfully hidden in the other places. The separation of the city made it impossible to return the collections to their original places. The reconstruction of the Museum Island as a museum center of Germany began only after the reunification of Germany. 5 museums were assigned for the collections of antiquities and archaeological artifacts, and the canvases from the picture gallery (great painters of 15-19 centuries) were moved to the Kulturforum, although the pictures of German painters and impressionists were left at the Old National Gallery in the Museum Island.

The museums contain the most valuable artifacts of the ancient world, Roman and Greek cultures. The most impressive of them is the Altar of Zeus from the city of Pergamon. The altar gave its name to a museum. It was made in 180-160 B.C. Its length is 113 meters. The Pergamon altar was discovered by the German archaeologist Carl Humann and taken to Germany in separate fragments. Also at the museums you can see the Ishtar Gate from Babylon (580 B.C.), the Mshatta Facade of the Umayyad residential palace, the Market Gate of Miletus and many other famous discoveries of German archaeologists.

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Bode Museum is in the north of the Museum Island
Colonnade at the entrance to the Altes (Old) Museum at the Museum Island in Berlin
Façade of the Pergamon Museum overlooks the Spree River
Building of the Old National Gallery of the Museum Island was styled as an ancient temple
Building of the Neues (New) Museum at the Museum Island in Berlin
Altes (Old) Museum is the very first museum of Berlin opened in 1830
Courtyard in front of the Old National Gallery opposite the Berliner Dom
Ancient style colonnade erected around the Old National Gallery at the Museum Island
Colonnade of the Old National Gallery overlooks the Spree River
Left-hand wing of the Pergamon Museum where one can see the famous Pergamon Altar
Massive façades of the two buildings of the Pergamon Museum
Green lawn in front of the Old National Gallery
Equestrian statue of Frederick III in front of the Old National Gallery
Entrance to the the Old National Gallery at the Museum Island in Berlin
Buildings of the Humboldt University at the Museum Island in Berlin
Ancient style colonnades at the Museum Island in Berlin
Huge granite bowl in front of the Altes (Old) Museum at Museum Island
Fountain on the lawn between the Altes (Old) Museum and the Berliner Dom
Equestrian statues at the entrance to the Altes (Old) Museum
Sculptues of eagles on the building of the Altes (Old) Museum
It is here, beyond the Museum Island, that the Spree River flows as a single stream
Main building of the Bode Museum at the Museum Island
Main building of the Bode Museum at the Museum Island