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Old Town of Jerusalem зрщещ

Most tourists enter the Old Town of Jerusalem through the Damascus Gate. It is just there that the bus station is located where you can come from any point in Israel. Having passed the wall gate you get in the special atmosphere of an ancient town you can`t find in any other place in the world.

Jerusalem is several thousand years old and it was often destroyed, and this isn’t surprising for the city, which is sacred for three world religions. After its last destruction in 70 the city was in ruins for over fifty years and only in 130 the Roman emperor Hadrian ordered to restore it. The city was reconstructed by the model of a Roman military camp and it survived until our time just with this layout. Streets are no more than two or three meters wide, houses are close to each other forming right squares of quarters.

The walls of Jerusalem were ruined several times, when Christians, Arabs, Persians and Turks fought for control over this city. Until nowadays the walls survived (34 towers and eight gates), which were erected by the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 16 century.

Now the walled Old Town of Jerusalem is divided into 4 quarters: Arab, Christian, Jewish, and Armenian. The Arab Quarter takes most part of the city. The following Muslim sanctuaries are there: Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock Mosque, and almost all streets of this quarter are occupied by stalls. The Temple of the Lord`s Shrine is in the center of the Christian Quarter and several dozens of churches. Jewish Quarter is the best-attended. This is due to that it was almost completely restored after the destruction in 1967, when the Israeli returned control over Jerusalem.

Photo Gallery
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View of the Old Town of Jerusalem from the Olive Mount
Christian churches in the old city of Jerusalem
Ancient stone slabs of the Roman pavement have survived in many places of the Old Town of Jerusalem
The buildings come very close to one another in the old quarters of Jerusalem at the foot of the Temple Mount
The pavement on the streets of the Old Jerusalem has been polished by the feet of passers-by for several centuries
The diggings of the old quarters of Jerusalem at the foot of the Temple Mount
The diggings of the old quarters of Jerusalem at the foot of the Temple Mount
Damascus Gate is one of the main entrances of the walled Old Town of Jerusalem
Lion`s Gate is the entrance of the Old Town from the side of the Olive Mount
The golden dome of the Dome of the Rock mosque is the symbol of Jerusalem
Old houses of Jerusalem and the dome of the Al-Aqsa mosque
Old buildings within the walled Jerusalem
The streets of the Arab quarter of the Old Jerusalem
Narrow lanes of the Old Town are scavenged by such tractors
Many houses in the Old Town of Jerusalem survived from the early Middle Ages
Fountain in the Christian quarter of the Old Town of Jerusalem 
There are stalls in most streets of the Arab quarter of the Old Town of Jerusalem
Many houses in the Old Town have been built on the hills
Many small streets of the Old Jerusalem pass in the galleries under residential houses
The masonry of walls surrounding the Old Jerusalem
The Arab sacred places on the Temple Mount are surrounded by strong walls
The walls surrounding the Temple Mount and the diggings at its foot
Pedestrian galleries under the houses in the Old Town of Jerusalem
The dome of the Holy Sepulcher Temple and the other Christian holy places in the Old Town of Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. To the right of it one can see the King`s Gate in the tower, which was built during the Arab rule
Most houses of the Old Jerusalem are connected by arches
It is the maximum width of streets in the Old Jerusalem
Small passageways of the Old Jerusalem
Stalls on the streets of the Old Jerusalem
Shopping arcade in the Christian quarter of Jerusalem