The small town of Cesky Krumlov has preserved its medieval appearance, so it is all in General, and not just single attractions, is of interest to tourists. The Vltava river makes two sharp bends at this point, where a powerful castle and a small town were founded in the 12th century.
Story of Cesky Krumlov was started from feudal family Vyatkovich. For his loyal service Prince Przemyslowych rewarded his steward Vyatek land in Bohemia. He had 5 sons, and decided to divide these lands equally between his sons. So the coat of arms of the family Vyatkovich appeared in the form of a rose with 5 petals. The land in the bend of the Vltava river went to the eldest son Vyatek II, who in 1240 founded a castle on the rock. The town of Krumlov, which means "crooked meadow" in German, began to develop rapidly around it. However, the Vyatek family quickly died out, and in 1302 the castle passed into the possession of the feudal family Rozhmberks (Rosenbergs), a related branch of the Vyatkovichs.
The family of the Rosenbergs became rich quickly. They owned more than 50 cities not only in the Czech, but also in Moravia, Silesia and Austria. At the same time, the castle in Cesky Krumlov remained their main residence for 300 years. They invested a lot of money in the reconstruction and strengthening of the castle, as well as in the development of the city. The best Italian architects and landscape artists were invited here.
In 1602, the Rosemberg Family went bankrupt, and they sold their possessions to Rudolf II of Habsburg, Emperor of Austria-Hungary. His son, Emperor Ferdinand II, gave Krumlov castle and its estate to the representative of the Austrian princely family, Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg. In 1719, the Eggenberg family also died out. Ownership of the castles and the city passed to the Schwarzenberg family.
The town of Cesky Krumlov is located on one of the trade routes of Bohemia, which was actively used in the Middle ages. That’s why town developed so actively. The appearance of the town, which we can see nowadays, has been preserved since the 18th century. The historical center of Cesky Krumlov is listed as a UNESCO cultural heritage site. Today, the city has only 13 thousand inhabitants.