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Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra in Kiev photo

Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra is one of the first monasteries of Kievan Rus where Christianity was established as state religion and spread to the huge territory of Eastern Europe.

The monastery was founded by the monk Anthony of one Athon monastery in 1051, in the time of Yaroslav the Wise. He settled in a cave near Kiev. Later, his followers dug underground temple and new cells connected with one another by way of underground passages. In the reign of Prince Isyaslav all the hill was given to monks and there they built so-called Pecherskiy monastery (that is, cave-monastery). The founder of this monastery Anthony, as well as brethren, were buried in these caves. So appeared Near and Far Caves.

In Orthodox tradition Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra is considered the third Domain of the Virgin Mary. The first two domains were Iberia (Georgia) and Athon Mount, and the fourth one – Diveevo Monastery (Nizhniy Novgorod Region).

Today Lavra is the most important and interesting tourist attraction of Kiev. It is on the high bank of Dnieper River (near Arsenalnaya station). You can enter it by the Saint Gate. It is dominated by the Trinity Church, the oldest temple of Lavra. Near the entrance there is the Assumption Cathedral and high bell tower.

Since the time of its consecration in 1078 the Assumption Cathedral, sometimes referred to as the Great Church, has been the most important temple of the monastery. Alas, the cathedral had a very tragic fate. Several times it was almost completely destroyed. Also, it was severely damaged by fires, and every time the cathedral was restored with certain alterations. Last time it was blown up during occupation of Kiev by German troops in 1941. And only in 2000 the Assumption Cathedral was again restored in all its former magnificence.

The Cathedral and bell tower together with all adjoining constructions, also known as the Upper Monastery, are the property of local museum. There is a paved road leading from the Ca-thedral to the Lower Monastery, which was returned to the Church. There also located Far and Near Caves, serving as the church burial place. You must only visit them to understand the holiness of the site.

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Domes of the Assumption Cathedral and Refectory Church in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
The Assumption Cathedral of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was popularly called the Great Temple, the God-Created prototype of all the temples of Kievan Rus
Domes and frescoes of the Assumption Cathedral of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Trinity gate Church (12th century) is the oldest temple in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
The Great Bell Tower of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra (96 meters) was the tallest building in Kiev for a long time
The hillside in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, where the monks dug Near caves
Entrance to the Near caves of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra in the gallery near the Holy cross Church
Icon showing the sins of a person before descending to the Near caves in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Domes of the Holy cross Church of the Near caves above the Dnieper in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Holy cross Church near the entrance to the Near Caves in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was built in 1700
The Great Bell Tower in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was built in 1731 by the architect Gottfried Schendel
The Refectory Church in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra was built in 1893 in the Byzantine style
Interior of the Refectory Church in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
The refectory Church with a chamber was built according to the project of the architect Vladimir Nikolaev
The frescoes of the Refectory Church in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra were painted by the artist Alexey Shchusev in the art Nouveau style
Marble iconostasis of the Refectory Church in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Trinity gate Church in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was built in 1106 and has been preserved to this day
The carved gilded iconostasis in the Trinity Gate Church was made by masters of the Kiev Pechersk Lavra in 1734
Facade of the Assumption Cathedral in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Carved iconostasis in the side chapel of the Assumption Cathedral of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra
Assumption Cathedral in Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Necropolis near the Distant caves in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Monument to Cyril and Methodius near the entrance to the Distant caves in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
View of the Lower Lavra and the churches near the Distant caves in the Kiev Pechersk Lavra
The grave of General Nikolay Leonov of the 19th century in the necropolis near the Distant Caves of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
Places inside this attraction
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