The Prague Castle is on the top of a long cliff stretching along the Vltava river from the Petrin Hill. For centuries this once strong fortress, the residence of Czech monarchs, was located there.
One can have the most beautiful view of the Prague Castle from the Charles Bridge. The royal castle rises above the city. It is dominated by the high spires of the Cathedral of St. Vitus.
The Cathedral of St. Vitus is in the center of the Prague Castle. It is the main sacred place of the Czech Republic. The royal sepulcher is in this most beautiful cathedral. The Old Royal Palace dating back to 15 century is near the cathedral. The small but very authentic Golden Lane is at some distance from the cathedral.
On the square, next to the altar side of the Cathedral of St. Vitus, you can see the facade of the Basilica of St. George red and white colour. This facade was made in the 17th century, but the chapel itself was founded in 915. In the Central nave of the Basilica preserved masonry 10-11 century and wall paintings on the subject of the Heavenly Jerusalem, made in the 13th century. This Basilica is of exceptional historical value. Next to the Basilica is the Monastery of St. George. It houses a collection of ancient Czech fine art.
To the right of the Cathedral of St. Vitus, is located the Old Royal Palace. It was built in the 12th century, but till our days preserved buildings of the 15th century. The Palace was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded. It is very interesting to see the huge Vladislavovsky hall, where all the important ceremonies of the Czech Kingdom were held. Nearby are the living rooms of the Czech kings.
Just beyond the Cathedral is a small but very authentic Golden street. It is also called alchemist street, because the houses look so romantic that it seems that dwarves or alchemists must have lived here. In fact, the Golden Street is the only street with preserved spontaneous medieval buildings of Prague Castle. Over time, all the houses of this type were demolished for majestic buildings construction, but on this street lived the guards, and their houses were not demolished.
Even further away from the Golden street is located the Lobkov Palace, which houses the exposition Of the Museum of Czech history, from ancient times to the 19th century. Some rooms of the Palace retain their original interiors. Nearby, along the entire North side, is the Royal garden.