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Rome travel attractions

Rome is the «Eternal City». No other city on the planet has such a glorious history as that of the capital of the greatest Roman Empire. In Rome, a huge number of attractions of different eras, which create a special aura to this city.

According to the legend Rome was founded in Romulus and Remus in VII B.C. The legendary brothers were supposedly nursed by the bitch wolf. Then one of the brothers killed the other one and founded the city, which was fated to play the key role in the development of what we now call «Western Civilization». Eventually, the boundaries of ancient Roman Empire were much extended, and at the beginning of our era it spread over most part of the ancient world. Surely, at such scale, the capital of the empire could be but the great city. From those times there remained a huge number of splendid sights in Rome, attracting millions of tourists every year.

You should go to Rome for several days, say for 2 days. However it would be fine if you could spare 3-4 days for Rome tours. The first day will be dedicated to ancient Rome. In the first place, you should look around look around the Colosseum and huge Roman Forum located at the foot of Palatine and Capitol Hills. After that you should climb up the hills themselves. From Palatine Hill you can have a wonderful view of the Circus Maximus and churches of ancient Rome. Capitol Hill is beautiful by itself. The square is surrounded by three palaces and famous stair with sculptures of Castor and Pollux. From Palatine Hill you can have a magnificent view of the Colosseum and ancient Roman Forum.

Apart from the Roman Forum, there are also so called imperials forums, those of Augustus, Vespasian, Nerva and Trajan, near the Palatine and Capitol Hills. Trajan`s Forum is the most famous of them. It is an impressive complex consisting of ancient buildings, and later Catholic churches.

The second day will be dedicated to Catholic Rome. It is Vatican. When going there you shouldn’t wear shorts and sleeveless T-shirts, or otherwise you wouldn’t be admitted to St. Peter Basilica. You must climb atop the dome of the cathedral, giving a splendid panorama of Rome. Vatican Museums are near the Cathedral. Even if you don’t like museums, you should go there, even only if to admire Sistine Chapel. That day you may also visit nearby St. Angel Castle.

Besides the Forum and Vatican, in the center of Rome you can see a lot of interesting things literally «at every turn». From a huge number of other attractions of Rome you may pay your attention to the following ones: the Squares of Spain and Navon, Trevi Fountain, Pantheon, Altar of the Fatherland, Quirinal Palace, and Basilica of St. Mary Major. And this is only a smaller part of attractions, which are worth visiting.

If you want to see the environs of Rome, you should make a trip to Tivoli. In middle ages there were built the Villa d’Este. It will be very pleasant to have a stroll in its park amid fountains and picturesque ruins.

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Roman Forum. There are many monuments built in the ancient and medieval period
In the center of St. Peter`s square was placed an Egyptian obelisk brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula in 37
Colosseum - symbol of Rome and all of Italy, was built in the year 80
The Pantheon was built in 126 year and now is the burial place of great Italians
The Moor fountain on the Piazza Navona in Rome
Castel Saint Angelo and bridge over Tiber river in Rome
The Arch of Septimius Severus is located at the foot of the Capitoline hill in the Roman Forum
The sculptures of the brothers of the Dioscuri on the Capitoline square in Rome
Via Sacra and via Nova extends along the entire Roman forum
On the slope of Capitol hill in the 19th century was built a Monument of the Vittoriano, also called the Altar of the Fatherland
Huge ruins of Tiberius Palace, towering over the Roman Forum
In our days, from the temple of Saturn remained only 7 high ionic columns, built in 42 BC
Near the temple of Antoninus and Faustina is located a small round temple of Romulus
The temple of Saturn is located at the foot of Capitol hill, where is the building of Tabularia (State Archives)
The Vatican Museum consists of several museums, and every one has valuable collection
The frescoes of the Sistine Chapel were created by the great Michelangelo in the 16th century
View of Capitol square from the staircase of the Church of Santa Maria in Araceli
Tombstone over the grave of Pope Julius II - an outstanding masterpiece of Michelangelo in the Church of San Pietro
Entrance to the Premises Of the Golden Palace of Nero, found during excavations in the 15th century
The famous Trevi fountain in Rome
The arch of Septimius Severus, surrounded by later buildings in the Roman Forum
View of the via Sacra and the via Nova from the Palatine hill
The ancient pavement of the Roman forum
The Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine rises above other buildings of the Roman Forum
Facade of the St. Peter Cathedral in Rome
Kivory above the main altar of the Cathedral, where was found the tomb of St. Peter
The Arch of Constantine was built in 315 near the Colosseo in honor of the victory at Milvian bridge
The sculpture of Octavian Augustus in the Forum of Augustus in Rome
Circus Maximus - the first race took place here in 500 BC, during the reign of Tarquin the Proud