In 1939, before World War II, there was taken a decision to construct the Chkalov Staircase - longest staircase on the banks of the Volga river, but the war began and the project was resumed only in 1943 and was devoted to the victory of the Russian armies at Stalingrad.
At the head of the staircase and near the Kremlin wall the monument of the Russian pilot Valery Chkalov was installed. The staircase descends down the hill in huge rings resembling aerobatics. The Chkalov Staircase has 460 steps, that is, three times as much as the famous Potemkin Stairs in Odessa, which makes it the longest memorial staircase in Russia.
The Chkalov Staircase connects the Upper Volga embankment, the favorite place of both the natives and tourists for evening promenades, with the the Volga waterfront near the Nizhniy Novgorod Kremlin and Zaipochaine.