Pamukkale is a unique thermal spa resort you will find nowhere in the world. The waters rich in calcium bicarbonate form there cascades of terraced baths of dazzling white color. Beautiful calcite stalactites hang down below these baths. Pamukkale resort is 20 kilometers from the city of Denizli, and 240 kilometers north of Antalya. 

Despite the distance from seaside resorts excursions to Pamukkale are considered the most popular. However, you should go there for 2 days in order to have time to see both the thermal springs and the ruins of the ancient city of Hierapolis.

Pamukkale means «Cotton Castle» in Turkish. From the entrance to the reserve a path leads up the slope where for thousands of years there were formed pools (travertines) covered with a white layer of calcium. In the environs of Pamukkale there are 17 thermal springs but «cotton» travertines are formed due to the water of just one spring, the temperature of which is 35 degrees.

If you have time, you should have a dip in the Cleopatra`s Pool. It was built back in ancient times, but as a result of an earthquake, the columns fell in the pool, and since then they have been there.

Calcium bicarbonate settles on the slope of the hill in the form of a soft substance, which then hardens. Previously, people could go into travertines, but now, in order to preserve the natural monument, you are allowed only to walk on special paths. The pools for swimming were created at the foot of the slope.

In the 2nd century, the Romans built the «resort» town of Hierapolis over the springs, where people came to improve their health. The archaeological museum is among the picturesque ruins. Near it you can also see a large ancient theater.

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Sunset over the travertine terraces in Pamukkale
White travertine terraces with limestone stalactites in Pamukkale
White travertine terraces in the rays of the setting sun
There remained water in some travertine terraces of Pamukkale
Water reflection of the traverine terraces of Pamukkale
Map of the ancient city Hierapolis, which was located above the traverine terraces of Pamukkale. It was founded in the 3rd century B.C. and was destroyed by the earthquake in the 14th century A.D.
Cleopatra Hot Spring
Ancient Theatre at Hierapolis
Remains of the adminstrative buildings of the ancient city Hierapolis
Glare of the travertine terraces in the sun
Wall of white travertine rich in calcium carbonate
For thousands of years water rich in calcium carbonate run down the travertine terraces
Pamukkale is translated as "cotton castle"
View of the valley where water run down for thousands of years. During that time the mountain was covered with a layer of white travertine.
Lake near the Pamukkale mountain
Artificial travertines with water. You can have a dip in them. You are not allowed to be at the natural traverines.
All tourists climb up this path to the top of the mountain. Water is very warm. And you can walk only barefoot on the white travertine.
Clear water running down the surface of white travertine makes it look thicker
Pamukkale travertines at sunset
Pamukkale travertines filled with water
Huge travertines on the exterior side of the mountain are filled with water
Pamukkale travertines filled with water
Pamukkale Wall - "Cotton Castle"
Rock near the exterior side of Pamukkale. There remained the buildings of the ancient city Hierapolis.
Pamukkale travertine deposits and the remains of the ancient city Hierapolis
Remains of Hierapolis near the entrance to the museum of the ancient city
Remains of the ancient city Hierapolis at the foot of the hill with the ancient theatre
Archaeologists have yet to unearth most part of the ancient city Hierapolis
Sunset over the Pamukkale travertines
In the evening neon lights of Pamukkale makes the Cotton Castle to look even more beautiful