Ryazan is 200 kilometers to the south from Moscow. From the time of its foundation in 1095 to 1778 the city was known as Pereslavl-Ryazansky. There you can see a very beautiful kremlin, and have a trip to the picturesque village Konstantinovo, the birthplace of Russian poet Yesenin.

Before 13 century Pereslavl-Ryazansky was a small fortress in the Principality of Ryazan. The capital of the principality, Ryazan, was on a high hill near the Oka River, about 60 km from the today Ryazan.

In 1237 Baty-khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, invaded Russian principalities, and Ryazan was the first on his way. Prince of Ryazan Yuri refused to surrender, and after a 6-day siege the city was captured, completely ruined and burnt. In that time the population of Ryazan was some 8 thousand people, and all of them were killed. The city wasn’t restored, and the capital was moved to Pereslavl. In 1285 the episcopal see was also moved in Pereslavl, and the city was officially given the status of the capital of the Principality of Ryazan.

Eventually, Zasechnaya cherta (Great Abatis Line), a chain of fortification lines, which was created for protection from the raids of the Crimean Tatars, was moved further to the south. And after the annexation of Crimea, under Empress Catherine the Great, Ryazan completely lost its defense importance. Ryazan became a small provincial town to the south of Moscow.

Now during a visit to Ryazan you can have a tour of a well-preserved kremlin with numerous cathedrals and museums. You can also have a walk on the high bank of the Lybed River or at the Cathedral park. While in Ryazan you must visit Konstantinovo, a village located 37 km to the north from the city on the way to Moscow. In Konstantinovo you can enjoy beautiful Russian nature, as well as see the native land of Sergey Yesenin. The beautiful Monastery of John the Evangelist is in Poschupovo, a village located not far from Konstantinovo, on the high bank of the Oka. 

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The Cathedral of Assumption dominates the churches of Transiguration monastery
A former Hotel of the Nobles in the Holy Transfiguration monastery is now a Seminary of Ryazan
The Palace of Oleg - the largest building of the Ryazan Kremlin, was the house of the Bishop
The four-tiered bell tower of the Ryazan Kremlin was built in the 19th century
Small Archangel Cathedral (15th century) - the oldest temple of the Ryazan Kremlin
The Assumption Cathedral of the Ryazan Kremlin was built in 1702
The house of the parents of Sergey Yesenin where the poet was born and lived
Picturesque view on the high bank of the Oka near the village Konstantinovo
Portrait of Yesenin at the overlook on the bank of the Oka
A monument to Yesenin in Cathedral Park was installed in 1975
Painting by Sergey Yesenin, by Igor Veselkin, in the Ryazan Art Museum
Diorama Storm of Ryazan by troops of Batu Khan in 1237 in the Palace of Oleg
The layout of Old Ryazan, which was destroyed in 1237 by Batu Khan`s army
The high bank of the Oka River, where Ryazan was located - one of the largest cities of Ancient Russia
The ancient settlement of Old Ryazan is located on the site of the city of Ryazan, which was destroyed by Batu Khan in 1237
The ruins of the Borisoglebsky Church of 1899 in the Ancient Settlement of Old Ryazan
The Singing Chamber in Ryazan Kremlin was built in 17th century in the Ancient Russian style
Singing Chamber is a residential and workin house of the Episcopal Treasurer
Big and Small Belfries at St. John the Evangelist monastery in Poshupovo
Church of the Transfiguration on Yar is built on a high embankment of the river Trubezh
The estate of Sergei von Derviz in the village of Kiritsy in the vicinity of Ryazan
A Central walkway in Cathedral Park of Ryazan
The Church of the Descent of the Holy Spirit was built in the Solotcha Monastery in 1688 in the Naryshkin`s baroque style
Bald Mountain is located in Solotcha Park on the bank of the Staritsa River
Huge pine trees of Solotcha Park near Ryazan
The Staritsa River flowing along the Solotchinsky Park near Ryazan