The local history museum of Rostov-on-Don is on 79, Bolshaya Sadovaya St. The museum building is at the back of the yard beyond the arch with columns. The museum has very curious expositions on the history of Rostov land but the most interesting of them is the exposition «The Treasures of Don Steppes» where one can see the artifacts from ancient burial mounds.

Rostov regional local history museum was founded in 1910. The exhibits assembled by the Rostov History, Antiquity and Nature Society were on display there. In 1934, after the creation of Azovo-Chernomorsky Krai, the museum collections were moved to Stavropol. But in 1937 the administrative division was again changed. Rostov region appeared and with it a new local history museum.

Now at the museum one can see the vast collections of artifacts discovered during the archaeological excavations in the Don steppes. There one can see weapons, earthenware, and household items from the gorodishches (sites of ancient settlements) of peoples that inhabited these lands in ancient times.

The most interesting exhibition is «The Treasures of Don Steppes» where one can see the golden articles, which belonged to the tsars and nobility of Hellenic, Scythian and Sarmatian periods of history. Certainly of historical value is a golden funeral torc (neck decoration) of 1 century A.D. Together with the other golden decorations it was discovered in the burial mound of a Sarmatian tsaritsa (queen).

One can also see there kalafs (headwear with veiling) richly decorated with gold, scabbards, quivars with plates of gold foil, and various gold decorations for clothes. Totally, the exposition contains about 2000 exhibits dating back to the period between 4 and 8 centuries A.D.

A huge museum exposition is devoted to the Rostov region in the time of Peter the Great who founded there the towns of Azov and Taganrog, the period of the fight with Turkey for the outlet to the Black Sea, and the household of the Don cossacks. 

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The neck torc of gold, find in Sarmatian Queen Kurgan is the most valuable exhibit of the Museum
Regional museum on Bolshaya Sadovaya street in Rostov-on-Don
Golden jewelry from the burial of Sarmatian Queen who died at the age of 25 years
A Golden buckle with a scene of persecution deer by predator found in the burial of the 1st century BC.
Case for a bow and arrow with a gold frame, made by Greek masters in the 4th century BC
The scabbard of the Royal sword with a Golden frame, found in one of the graves
Reconstruction of the costume of the Scythian king, with many Golden ornaments
Reconstruction of Calaf with Golden ornaments – women`s headgear of the Scythians
Necklace with glass beads is a very expensive jewelry in ancient times
Bronze plate from Greece, depicting the battle of gods and titans in the Rostov Museum
Ancient Greek vase with a depiction of a battle of Amazons and a Greek warrior in Rostov Museum
Burial mounds in the plains of southern regions of Russia
The finds from the excavations in the Scythian ancient settlements in the Rostov Museum
Finds from the excavations in the ancient Meotian settlements in the Rostov Museum
The exposition is devoted to the middle ages in the southern regions of Russia in Rostov Museum
The layout of the Azov fortress built by Peter I, at the mouth of Don river in Azov sea
The exhibition devoted to Peter the Great and his conquests in the South of Russia
The exposition, dedicated to the development of agriculture in the Rostov Museum
Furniture from Rostov tenement houses of the 19th century
The exposition devoted to development of theatrical art in Rostov
Colonnade of the Rostov regional Museum, overlooking the Big Garden street