The National Museum of art of Catalonia was established in 1990. This is the largest Museum in Barcelona. His extensive collections were placed in the National Palace, which was built on the slope of Montjuic mountain in 1929 for the World Expo.
The National Palace is very similar to the monumental Royal Palace. It is built in the Baroque style. Its observation deck offers a magnificent view of Barcelona and at the foot of the Palace is the famous Singing fountain. In the evenings, there are light and music shows. In front of the fountain is a monument of four ionic columns, symbolizing the four stripes of the Catalan flag.
The collection of the National Museum of Catalan art was formed by combining the Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of art of Catalonia. There are very extensive collections of Romanesque art, paintings, sculptures, and furniture.
A valuable exhibition of Romanesque frescoes from the 10th-13th centuries attract special attention. These frescoes were transferred from Catalan temples of the early middle Ages. Some of these churches were in a dilapidated state, but the Museum was able to restore and preserve this cultural heritage of Catalonia.
In the Museum, you can see extensive collections of all eras – Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo. There are paintings by famous Spanish artists El Greco and Velasquez, but mostly there are works by Catalan artists.
Barcelona is one of the cities where modernism is most widespread, not only in architecture, but also in art in general. In the Museum, you can see extensive collections of artists of the art Nouveau era. Among them are Ramon Casas, Santiago Rusiñol, Antoni Gaudí, Pablo Picasso, Josepa Jojola and others.