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Kaliningrad travel guide with photo

Only several decades ago the city of Kaliningrad was called Konigsberg. It was there that the nationality of Prussia (and then Germany), so all its historical sites are related to German culture and history.

Teutonic knights founded Konigsberg in 1255. Originally, on the site there was only a powerful castle serving the stronghold of knights in their fight with the natives, but very soon German settlers began to come there, and the city quickly developed.

One of the most important events for the city was when the Teutonic knights asked Albrecht Hohenzollern (1490-1568) to take the position of the Great Master of the Order. They invited him to fight with Poland, but association with Martin Luther urged Albrecht to take quite a dif-ferent decision. In 1525 Albrecht abolished the Teutonic Order and became the first duke of Prussia. Consequently, it was the Hohenzollern who united the separate princedoms into the single German Empire under the auspices of Prussia.

During World War II Konigsberg was as much damaged as Berlin. After the war by the conditions of Potsdam Agreement a third of the territory of East Prussia with the city of Konigsberg was annexed to Russia, then the USSR. Since that time it was called Kaliningrad.

Most part of historical sites of Kaliningrad was restored, excepting the Royal Castle. The Cathedral of Kaliningrad, located on Kneiphof island (now the Island of Kant), is rightly considered the main sight of the city. It is just there that Konigsberg was founded.

Before the war the island was very compactly built up with medieval buildings, but all of them were destroyed, so now in the historical island there is nothing but the Cathedral of Kaliningrad and the Park of Sculptures. On the southern side of the cathedral one can see the tomb of Immanuel Kant, the most famous German philosopher, who was born and lived all his life in Konigsberg.

Opposite the cathedral there was reconstructed the so-called Fishing village. It is a complex of high-rise half-timbered houses, and an old light-house. There is a beautiful embankment, which became a favorite walking place of the citizens and tourists.

After visiting the cathedral and fishing village one can have a stroll towards the north to the House of the Soviets (very doubtful sight of the Soviet period), as well as Upper and Lower ponds.

In the Victory Square the City Hall of Kaliningrad is located, as well as the Temple of the Christ the Savior and several beautiful buildings constructed in the Soviet time. When on the coast of the Baltic Sea, one should visit the Amber Museum, which is located on the southern shore of the Upper Pond. Also, it will be very interesting to look at the remaining bastions and defense works, as well as gates (Brandenburg, Royal, Sackheimer, Friedland, Fredericksburg and so on).

If you want to see the resort districts of Kaliningrad Region, then the best variant will be a trip to Pionersky (it has a developed infrastructure and well-planned embankment), and Svetlogorsk (its buildings are in the forest). Kranz was the most famous resort in Eastern Prussia, now it is at the very beginning of Curonian Spit and is called Zelenogradsk.

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Dome Cathedral - the main attraction of Kaliningrad
The shape of the Dome Cathedral - the symbol of Kaliningrad
The Amber Museum is located in Donna tower, part of the city fortifications system
Efa dune (Orekhovaya) is the highest point on the Curonian spit. Here you can look at the huge sand fields of dunes
Efa dune rises several dozens of meters above the waters of the Curonian lagoon
View of the Big Dune ridge on the Curonian spit from the observation deck over the Lake Swan
Dancing forest - the most mystical place on the Curonian spit, where the trees have an incredible curved view
The largest piece of amber in the Amber Museum - the weight of 4 kg 280 g
Rossgarten gate was protected by Donna Tower in Kaliningrad
Fishing village on the embarkment in opposite the Cathedral in Kaliningrad
The center of Königsberg near the castle, where Bunker of Lasch was located
The Brandenburg gate was built in 1657 and now function as the gate
Model of Knaiphof island in the Museum of the Dom Cathedral in Kaliningrad
History and Art Museum of Kaliningrad is located in the former Stadthalle
Diorama The Assault of Königsberg in the Regional Museum of Kaliningrad
The Exchange building was built in 1875, in not typical for Konigsberg architectural style of Italian Renaissance
In 1870 an architect from Bremen Heinrich Mueller built the Kaliningrad stock exchange building
The portico Stoa Kantia over Kant`s tomb near the walls of the Kaliningrad Cathedral
The envoys of the Soviet troops in the room of the chief of staff Susskind-Schwendi
The model of the Swedish warship Vasa 1628 year, made in 2007
Zero kilometer of roads in Kaliningrad region
The Triumphal column and Cathedral of Christ Savior on the Victory Square in Kaliningrad
Bronze sculpture N. Silis "Family" (1982) in the Art gallery of Kaliningrad
Photo of the Royal castle of Koenigsberg at the Art gallery of Kaliningrad
Urban area of the historical center of Konigsberg and the island Knaiphof
he view of the Cathedral from the Royal castle of Konigsberg
The exhibits of the World ocean Museum in Kaliningrad
Cabins of the Vityaz ship is the most interesting part of the World ocean Museum
Russian Admiral and scientist Stepan Makarov in the Museum of the World ocean
Сollection of amber from different continents in the World ocean Museum in Kaliningrad