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New Jerusalem monastery in Moscow region photo

The Resurrection Monastery or New Jerusalem Monastery is 50 km to the west from Moscow. It is one of the most beautiful monasteries in Russia. It was built in 17 century as an orthodox copy of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. A large museum complex «New Jerusalem» is near the monastery.

The New Jerusalem Monastery was founded by Patriarch Nikon in 1656, under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. In the middle of 17 century the patriarch had a large influence in Russia. In 1650 Nikon began a large-scale church reform, which led to the emergence of Old Believers (those who didn`t adopt the reform).

Only a very ambitious person could initiate such a grandiose project – to construct a Russian-style copy of the Jerusalem Holy Sepulcher. All places around the monastery were given Biblical names. The hill where the monastery was built was called Zion. The surrounding hills were called Favorskaya and Eleonskaya mountains. The Istra River was renamed the Jordan River. The monastery itself was designed as a large fortress.

In 1666 Nikon lost support of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, was dethroned and sent as a monk to the Ferapontov Monastery (200 km to the north from Vologda). However, his church reform wasn`t stopped.

A large Resurrection Cathedral is in the center of the New Jerusalem Monastery. The cathedral construction was based on the drawing of the Jerusalem temple. As a whole, it has a similar structure. The Rotunda is the main room of the Resurrection Cathedral. The Edicule with the Cave of the Tomb of Lord is under its large tent-shaped dome. 

The cathedral has the Golgotha, the Stone of the Unction and the subterranean church of Constantine and Helen. Both the iconostasis and the cathedral are encircled by a gallery with chapels devoted to various saints.

As it was planned by the patriarch Nikon, all sacred places were reconstructed around the monastery. A museum of wooden architecture is near the monastery. At a museum complex «New Jerusalem» you can see a large exposition devoted to these places. 

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Resurrection Cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery - a copy of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
New Jerusalem monastery was founded by Patriarch Nikon in 1656
Edicule over the Empty Tomb in the center of the rotunda of the New Jerusalem monastery
The stone of Unction in front of Calvary in the New Jerusalem monastery
Calvary in ew Jerusalem monastery
The iconostasis of the Resurrection Cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery
The round dome of the rotunda above the Edicule in New Jerusalem monastery
The arches of the Resurrection Cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery
Edicule over the Empty Tomb in the center of the rotunda of the New Jerusalem monastery
The stone of Unction in front of Calvary in the New Jerusalem monastery
The entrance to the underground Church of Constantine and Helen in New Jerusalem monastery
The descent into the underground Church of Constantine and Helen in new Jerusalem monastery
The underground Church of Constantine and Helen in New Jerusalem monastery
Gate Church of Jesus Chrict Entry into Jerusalem
Seven-tier belfry of the Resurrection Cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery
Round the rotunda of the Resurrection Cathedral above the Edicule in New Jerusalem monastery
The dome of the underground Church of Constantine and Helen in New Jerusalem monastery
A deep ditch around the underground Church of Constantine and Helen in New Jerusalem monastery
The Elizabet tower of the New Jerusalem monastery, access to the garden
The Church of the Nativity and the Refectory in the New Jerusalem monastery
Fortress wall of the New Jerusalem monastery
Hospital wards of the New Jerusalem monastery